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Contraception and pregnancy


There are many methods of contraception available in the UK. The type that works best for you will depend on your health and circumstances.

Remember, the only way to protect yourself against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is to use a condom every time you have sex. Other methods of contraception prevent pregnancy, but they don’t protect against STIs.

To discuss this further, speak to your school nurse or visit Sexual Health Bromley for further information.

Long-acting/reversible contraception

Implant – Small flexible rod inserted under the skin, it slowly releases the hormone progestogen.

Intrauterine device (IUD) – A small copper and plastic devise inserted into the womb to prevent the egg being fertilised.

Intrauterine System (IUS) – A small T-shaped plastic devise inserted into the womb and releases the hormone progestogen and prevents implantation.

Hormonal contraception

  • Contraceptive pill
  • Contraceptive patch
  • Contraceptive implant
  • Contraceptive Injection

Barrier methods

  • Male condom
  • Female condom

Emergency contraception

Emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or if your contraceptive method has failed – for example, a condom has split or you’ve missed a pill.

There are two types of emergency contraception:

  • the emergency contraceptive pill (sometimes called the ‘morning after’ pill)
  • the IUD (intrauterine device, or coil)

You need to take emergency contraception as soon as possible, as the sooner you get help, the more effective at preventing pregnancy it will be.

You can get help from your local sexual health, clinic, GP or pharmacy. Click here for more information.


If you are pregnant or think you could be pregnant, there are a wide range of services to support you and help you discuss your options. Ask your school nurse or GP for further advice and support.

Family Nurse Partnership

If you are 24 years old or under and pregnant or just had your first baby, you may be referred to the Bromley Family Nurse Partnership. Our Family Nurse Partnership nurses supports parents to give your baby the best possible start in life. This is in addition to the support provided by a midwife.

We help the new mum to:

  • be as healthy as possible whilst she is pregnant
  • make sure the child is healthy and develops well
  • continue her education/find work/plan for a financially stable future

We help the new mum and her family understand the baby, work towards behaviour change where appropriate, encourage emotional development and help to build positive relationships.

Useful contacts

NHS UK – Sexual Health – information and advice on sex, sexual health, pregnancy and more.

Brook - if you are under 25, you can visit a Brook Centre for free confidential advice. Find your nearest Brook Centre here.

Sexual Health Bromley - information and advice on sexual health, sex and relationships and contraception. Free condoms available for 14-25 through the London C-Card. Click here to sign up or visit: to find out more.